Course Description

This unit is a compulsory and prerequisite course, mandatory for students to understand the research protocol and methodology for the Masters Programme. It does not attract any credit score but highly required for students to be able to navigate and submit assignments in line with the standardized research protocol, methodology and ethics as well as guide  against plagiarism for quality research.

It should be noted that the evaluation system for the completion of the Master’s Programme in Sustainable development and Environmental Management is assignment based – whereby students are required to submit assignments, after exploring the resource materials provided by the instructor. The essays at the end of modules, project proposals for every of the course units, as well as the terminal dissertation for the Master’s degree would require rigorous academic attention, as well as specific guidelines for avoiding plagiarisms and formatting of the work with the referencing and citation styles required.  Most specifically, the APA style, recommended by the American Psychological Association (APA) is retained for use in all the assignments and essay students would summit in the course of their programme.

This course Unit is therefore designed for students to understand the rudiments of this research protocol and methodology, to be able to apply this to their work in the course of their study. Adherence to the academic methods, protocol and guidelines will constitute the criteria for grading and passing of assignments.  You are therefore required to study the following module in this compulsory course unit.



1.     An Introduction to Academic writing

2.     How to do referencing and citations for academic essays

3.     Using APA style for references and citations

4.     Avoiding Plagiarism: Writing with Integrity


Course Description:

This course unit focuses on introduction to key concepts in sustainable development, the debates around the definition and challenges to sustainable development. As a background to deepen understanding of the Subject, the module will introduce students to the Policy Framework of Sustainable Development from 1972 to date, as a means of studying the evolution of the policy process of Sustainable Development, with emphasis on the international policy frameworks and cooperation under the auspices of the United Nations System from 1972 to date. This unit of course will dwell on the following:

·       Definitions, Concepts, Economic Development and the Limits to Growth 

Teaching on the basic definitions, history and concepts of sustainable development; the economic dimension of sustainable development and what is wrong with the narrow views on growth vis-à-vis environmental, social and human security concerns. This module buttresses on the limitations of the “economic myth” as well as the issue of globalization versus sustainable development and how this has affected global views. It will revisit scenarios, research and academic predictions that constructed the change in mindsets into the sustainable development dispensation.

·       Ending Extreme Poverty, social equity, environmental management, human rights and gender equality 

This Module examines poverty reduction/eradication at the centre of Internationally Agreed development Goals, particularly the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and SDGs while considering strategies for addressing extreme poverty and the impact on the efforts to reduce poverty and what alternative actions are available to improve results. It underscores the linkages between poverty and other sustainable development issues and challenges from the point of view of holistic actions. Some of the vital issues to consider her include, for example, the exploration of how primary health care systems are linked to poverty, and the interaction between the environment, social equity, human rights and gender equality  and human health etc.


Course Description:

This course Unit is an introduction to the concept and issues of ethics – for business, corporate, public service and personal use in environmental management and sustainable development principles.

The course is designed to open up students’ perspective on a practical tool in dealing with the key components of ethics: distinguishing between “values”, “principles”, “guidelines” and “acts”. Such areas as financial compliance, reporting and social responsibility for the environment and sustainable development will be addressed. This will help students in their personal choice of becoming actors of change and innovation – whether they will work for the private sector (corporations or Small Medium Enterprises) or the public sector (administrations and institutions), as well as within civil society (NGOs, associations). It therefore reviews the basic characteristics of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as well as the normative actions required from individuals and institutions and how humans and institutions can take individual responsibilities to ensure compliance without necessarily being compelled by any legal framework.

 It is important to stress that ensuring a healthy environment and achieving the targets of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development requires individual corporate and personal ethics which are to be cultivated or drawn from different practices that could be found in norms and ethical principles. The course unit will address such to improve the student’s expertise in the field of sustainable development.


Introduction to Ethics

Ethics and Sustainability

Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG)

Environment and Social Management Systems (ESMS)

Sustainability Reporting


This course focuses on the never-ending journey of environmental sustainability, environmental management and its aspects. Environmental management refers to the goal or philosophical exercise of seeking to establish new perspectives towards the environment and human societies. Managers of the environment are a diverse group of people that includes policy makers, government officials, NGOs, scholars and individuals. Though there are different goals for environmental management, it is keen on understanding the structure and function of the earth system as well as the ways humans relate to the environment. It therefore deals with the regulation processes and protection of the health of the planet. This is possible with the promotion of behaviour that positively impacts the environment.